In 1909 the Illinois Supreme Court handed Montgomery Ward a victory in his nearly 30 year fight to preserve Grant Park. Although the decision only affected a narrow strip of land adjoining Michigan Avenue, “Forever Open Clear and Free” has become a rallying call for lakefront protection efforts. It has shaped land use decisions in Lincoln, Burnham and Jackson Parks as well as the eastern portion of Grant Park. Selective list of materials in Chicago Public Library about protecting open space in the lakefront area. Many more documents can be found through a catalog search.