The Fourth Turning

The Fourth Turning

An American Prophecy

Book - 1997
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"The authors look back five hundred years and uncover a distinct pattern: Modern history moves in cycles, each one lasting about the length of a human life, each composed of four eras - or "turnings" - that last about twenty years and that always arrive in the same order. First comes a High, a period of confident expansion as a new order takes root after the old has been swept away. Next comes an Awakening, a time of spiritual exploration and rebellion against the now-established order. Then comes an Unravelling, an increasingly troubled era in which individualism triumphs over crumbling institutions. Last comes a Crisis - the Fourth Turning - when society passes through a great and perilous gate in history. Together, the four turnings comprise history's seasonal rhythm of growth, maturation, entropy, and rebirth." "By applying the lessons of history, The Fourth Turning makes some bold and hopeful predictions about America's next rendezvous with destiny. It also shows us how we can prepare for what's ahead, both individually and as a nation."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Publisher: New York : Broadway Books, c1997.
Edition: 1st ed.
ISBN: 9780553066821
055306682X
Characteristics: 382 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Additional Contributors: Howe, Neil

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c
Coverjudge
Oct 04, 2020

Supposedly an examination of patterns throughout the world since Roman times, but after touching on England for a bit, it's mostly about trying to fit events in the USA to some pattern that comes out of numerology. If you're not a believer in or a follower of numerology, this book won't make a lot of sense. It comes across as an attempt at forcing an explanation of a big shakeup in the USA and American's lives, perhaps as part of the "vast right-wing conspiracy" that Hilary Clinton has warned about for 25 years, and now starting to be revealed as right-wing populism is morphing toward Trump's ideas of fascism.
I didn't read far enough to see if there's any astrology mixed in, but it becomes pretty apparent that there is no wisdom here.

c
candlesticktroughs
Mar 12, 2020

" Whatever their social purpose of position, the Silent acknowledged the unstoppability of G.I. institutions. When Peter, Paul, and Mary sang IF I HAD A HAMMER, their peers knew that the G.I.s had all the hammers and were using them to build ICBMs and interstate highways. Premonitions of guilt began seeping into the Silent mind-set, a dread that horrible social crimes were being committed and hushed up, all for the sake of social discipline.....As young 'outside agitators' started to probe the G.I. edifice for weak points, this rising generation was singing, ever more loudly, 'Deep in my heart, I do believe, We shall overcome some day'. " " Encased in what Ken Kesey depicted as the 'cuckoo's nest' sanitarium of High-era culture, the Silent bent the rules by cultivating refined naughtiness. Hugh Hefner described the consummate playboy as one who 'likes jazz, foreign films, Ivy League clothes, gina and tonic, and pretty girls', with an 'approach to life' that is 'fresh, sophisticated, and yet admittedly sentimental'. By the decade's end, hip thinking moved out of coffeehousees and into the suburbs with a style John Updike called 'half Door store, half Design Research'. As Updike and Philip Roth wrote risque novels about self-doubters, Tom Lehrer and Stan Freburg brought sophistication to satire, and Andy Warhol found art in a G.I. soup can. Apart from James Dean and Presley, the typical young-adult film stars were 'goofballs' like Jerry Lewis or 'sweethearts' like Debbie Reynolds, usually cast alongside confident G.I. 'straight men'. "

j
jmdaddez
Dec 30, 2019

"Past performance is no guarantee of future results."

j
jo512
May 16, 2019

Great read, and a fascinating lens to view culture and history through. Bit of a slog in places, and seems to repeat itself. But after all, the man is a historian and sociologist not a writer.

Bogus pop history.

r
ricardohdz
Aug 28, 2018

Everything in life is a cycle, that lies in the nature of nature itself, from the logarithmic spiral in the nautilus shell to Fibonacci ratios and economic cycles. This book talks about those cycles from a practical and anthropological point of view: how generations (societies) shaped (and shape) history, and how their actions impact and confirm the recurrence of similar events throughout the years.

This is an extensive book that recurs to detail chronology to exemplify its theory, which makes reading tedious in certain passages. I agree with other readers that the main ideas can be transmitted in a more concise way; perhaps the authors circled back on their hypothesis to make sure the reader understands them in past and current context, and to supply history as the back up element in lieu of rigorous scientific research.

After reading this book I will not see people in the way I used to; I will see them as part of a generation that share commons strengths and weaknesses and I will classify them according to their role in history.

Prepare for the next saeculum, whatever it might be in your existence.

g
gprusakowski
Aug 18, 2017

I never finished reading this book. it was too wordy and they seemed to ramble all over where they could have made their point clearly in a lot fewer words. Also, their thesis, while interesting and probably valid, didn't seem to hold my interest. That we are entering a period of crisis is obvious to anyone paying any attention but I never got to their prediction of the next crisis as I totally lost interest in anything more they had to say just over 200 pages in. Congrats to anyone who finished the book and followed them all the way through. That this became a best seller amazes me and that it is one of if not Steve Bannon's favourite but they are the only reason I picked the book up. I wanted to see what Steve's mind was like but no longer care. There are better reads I would rather spend my time on.

p
p_snoop
Jun 28, 2017

Keep a dictionary handy.

k
kaiseryang7
Dec 27, 2016

Interesting and probably valid theory on war cycles, but it could have been explained in half the length.

j
jackyeh
Apr 30, 2014

continue reading on p150

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p_snoop
Jun 28, 2017

p_snoop thinks this title is suitable for 18 years and over

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