One Righteous Man

One Righteous Man

Samuel Battle and the Shattering of the Color Line in New York

Paperback - 2015
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Winner of the Christopher Award and the New York City Book Award

Winner of the 2016 Wheatley Book Award in Nonfiction

A history of African Americans in New York City from the 1910s to 1960, told through the life of Samuel Battle, the New York Police Department's first black officer.
When Samuel Battle broke the color line as New York City's first African American cop in the second decade of the twentieth century, he had to fear his racist colleagues as much as criminals. He had to be three times better than his white peers, and many times more resilient. His life was threatened. He was displayed like a circus animal. Yet, fearlessly claiming his rights, he prevailed in a four-decade odyssey that is both the story of one man's courageous dedication to racial progress and a harbinger of the divisions between police and the people they serve that plague twenty-first-century America.

By dint of brains, brawn, and an outsized personality, Battle rode the forward wave of African American history in New York. He circulated among renowned turn-of-the-century entertainers and writers. He weathered threatening hostility as a founding citizen of black Harlem. He served as "godfather" to the regiment of black soldiers that won glory in World War I as the "Hellfighters of Harlem." He befriended sports stars like Joe Louis, Jesse Owens, and Sugar Ray Robinson, and he bonded with legendary tap dancer Bill "Bojangles" Robinson. Along the way, he mentored an equally smart, equally tough young man in a still more brutal fight to integrate the New York Fire Department.

At the close of his career, Battle looked back proudly on the against-all-odd journey taken by a man who came of age as the son of former slaves in the South. He had navigated the corruption of Tammany Hall, the treachery of gangsters like Lucky Luciano and Dutch Schultz, the anything-goes era of Prohibition, the devastation of the Depression, and the race riots that erupted in Harlem in the 1930s and 1940s. By then he was a trusted aide to Mayor Fiorello La Guardia and a friend to First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.

Realizing that his story was the story of race in New York across the first half of the century, Battle commissioned a biography to be written by none other than Langston Hughes, the preeminent voice of the Harlem Renaissance. But their eighty-thousand-word collaboration failed to find a publisher, and has remained unpublished since. Using Hughes's manuscript, which is quoted liberally throughout this book, as well as his own archival research and interviews with survivors, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Arthur Browne has created an important and compelling social history of New York, revealed a fascinating episode in the life of Langston Hughes, and delivered the riveting life and times of a remarkable and unjustly forgotten man, setting Samuel Battle where he belongs in the pantheon of American civil rights pioneers.

From the Hardcover edition.
Publisher: Boston : Beacon Press, [2015]
ISBN: 9780807043585
Characteristics: ix, 318 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm


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djhopeusd Jun 11, 2016

An extremely well written book. A lot of history, and entails to flood your mind with visuals of unbelief behavior. Will shake your head with the way black people were treated back then. It's a wonder that the Black race still exist today. God has to be REAL.

Sep 08, 2015

One of the most important colour barriers was entry into law enforcement and this book tells the story of the man who did so with the NYPD. The book is based on an unpublished manuscript by the poet Langston Hughes along with original researched material. It also tells of his friendship with some of the leading black figures of the day, including Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, Jack Johnson and Jackie Robinson. Unfortunately I found the book to be quite blasé. Samuel Battle deserves better treatment on the printed page than what is found here ... but it does tell a story of a not insignificant civil rights leader before the modern movement began in the 1950s.


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