Presents leading experts in the field discussing the challenges associated with confronting independent groups of terrorists, criminal gangs and insurgents, including engagement, negotiation, de-radicalization, and intervention. Organizations addressed range from current operations such as Hezbollah, Hamas, al-Qaeda, Taliban, and Mexican drug cartels to groups like the Irish Republican Army that are now a part of history. In addition to the presentations, the book also includes a panel discussion with the participants moderated by Roger Hardy. Edited by Kenneth H. Williams. Prepared in cooperation with the Middle East Institute.